f you are searching VTU syllabus of Chemistry, here is the article which gives complete information about the Engineering subject Chemistry.
In first year BE same subjects for all branches.It is divided into two cycles
1) Physics cycle
Chemistry subject is the Basic subject which comes in first year under Chemistry cycle.It has eight units,it further divided into two parts. In exams eight questions will come,one question from each unit.all questions carries twenty marks.
Syllabus of Chemistry
PART – A
UNIT – 1 : Electrode Potential and Cells
Introduction, Differences between galvanic and electrolytic cells, Construction of galvanic cell, EMF of a cell , Origin of single electrode potential, Sign convention and cell notation, Standard electrode potential, Derivation of Nernst equation for single electrode potential. Types of electrodes: Reference electrodes – Primary and secondary, Limitations of standard hydrogen electrode, Construction and working of calomel electrode and Ag – AgCl electrode, Measurement of single electrode potential, Numerical problems on electrode potential and EMF of a cell, Ion selective electrode: Glass electrode – Construction , Determination of pH of a solution using glass electrode, concentration cells, numerical problems
UNIT - 2 : Batteries and Fuel Cells
Basic concepts, Battery characteristics – primary, secondary and reserve batteries with examples ,super capacitors Classical batteries: Construction, working and applications of Zn – MnO2, Lead acid storage and Ni – Cd batteries. Modern batteries: Construction , working and applications of Zn – air, Ni – metal hydride and Li – MnO2 batteries. Fuel cells – Differences between battery and fuel cell, construction and working of H2 – O2 and CH3OH– O2 fuel cells.
UNIT - 3 : Corrosion and its control
Electrochemical theory of corrosion, Galvanic series, Types of corrosion
-Differential metal corrosion, Differential aeration corrosion (Pitting and water line corrosion), Stress corrosion (caustic embrittlement in boilers), Factors affecting the rate of corrosion Corrosion control: Inorganic coatings – Anodizing and phosphating, Metal coatings – Galvanizing and Tinning, Corrosion inhibitors, cathodic protection.
UNIT - 4 : Metal Finishing
Technological importance, Significance of Polarization, Decomposition potential and Overvoltage in electroplating, Theory of electroplating. Effect of plating variables on the nature of electrodeposit- Electroplating process,Electroplating of gold and Chromium.Distinction between electroplating and electrolessplating, Electolessplating of copper and nickel
PART – B
UNIT – 5 :Chemical fuels and Photovoltaic cells
ntroduction, Classification of chemical fuels Calorific value – High and Low calorific values, Determination of calorific value –solid or liquid fuel using Bomb calorimeter - numerical problems . Petroleum – Cracking by fluidized catalytic cracking process, Reformation of petrol, Octane and Cetane numbers. Knocking – mechanism and harmful effects. Antiknocking agents – TEL, Catalytic converters – Principle and working, Unleaded petrol, Power alcohol and Biodiesel. Photovoltaic cells – Production of solar grade silicon, Doping of silicon, Construction and working of photovoltaic cell, Advantages.
UNIT – 6 :The Phase rule and Instrumental methods of analysis
Statement of Gibb's phase rule and explanation of the terms involved, Phase diagram of one component system – water system, Condensed phase rule , Phase diagram of two component system- Eutectic Pb – Ag system and Fe – C system. Application – Desilverization of lead. Instrumental methods of analysis- Theory , Instrumentation and applications of Colorimetry, Potentiometry , Conductometry and Flame photometry.
UNIT - 7 :Polymers
Types of polymerization – Addition and Condensation, Mechanism of polymerization – Free radical mechanism taking ethylene as example. Glass transition temperature ( Tg) , Structure – property relationship. Types of plastics – Thermosetting and thermoplastics. Manufacture of plastics by compression ,injection and extrusion moulding. Synthesis and applications of Teflon, PMMA, Polyurethane and Phenol – formaldehyde resins. 13Elastomers: Deficiencies of natural rubber, Vulcanization of rubber. Synthesis and applications of Neoprene and Butyl rubber, Silicone rubbers. Adhesives: Synthesis and applications of epoxy resins. Polymer composites - Synthesis and applications of Kevlar and Carbon fibers. Conducting polymers – Definition, Mechanism of conduction in Polyacetylene, applications.
UNIT - 8 :Water Chemistry
Impurities in water ,Water analysis – Determination of different constituents in water – Hardness, alkalinity, chloride , fluoride , nitrate , sulphate and dissolved oxygen. Numerical problems on hardness and alkalinity. Sewage – BOD and COD, Numerical problems, Sewage treatment. Desalination of water – Reverse Osmosis and Electrodialysis
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